From Wikipedia: Jamaica, officially the Commonwealth of Jamaica, is the 4th largest island nation of the Greater Antilles, 234 kilometers in length, up to 80 kilometers in width, and 10,990
square kilometers in area. It is situated in the Caribbean Sea, about 145 kilometers south of Cuba, and 191 kilometers west of Hispaniola, the island harbouring the nation-states of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Jamaica is the 5th largest island country in the Caribbean. Once a Spanish possession known as Santiago, it became an English colony in 1655 under the name Jamaica. It achieved full independence from Britain on August 6, 1962.